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Evolution Pollution

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Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.[1]

pollution STINKS!!…:) lol p.u. (puteo/piu) 😉

“The World Health Organization says that between 5 and 6 percent of deaths worldwide each year are a result of air pollution.” (2001/03)

How dangerous is pollution??

“Toxic levels of pollution leads annually to the early death of an estimated 7 million people, according to a new World Health Organization report.”

“It’s not just the air outdoors in polluted cities that poses a danger to public health. About 3 billion people are breathing deadly fumes from domestic cooking stoves and fires, according to the Geneva-based agency. Household air pollution caused an estimated 3.8 million deaths in 2016.” [excerpted]

What/how about wearing masks i.e. surgical??

“Taiwan’s leading expert on the effects of pollution, Dr. Chan Chang-chuan, says diesel fumes are a cause of cancer.”

Dr. Chan says: “These masks are ineffective. Much of the pollution in the form of gases and particulates is so tiny that a simple mask has a low filtration rate. Besides, . . . they are not airtight. So they give a false sense of security.” [old quote excerpted Asiaweek Magazine]


For me and my research…“Truth” aka True “LOVE” is no where to be found in the “theory”…(not even a theory) of evolution.  The FALSE teaching of Evolution…is a contaminant to clear, pure THINKING ABILITY!  Don’t let someone else think for You!! Investigate for Yourself. That’s what lazy/idle thinkers do…let/allow others do the thinking/mind labor/work for them…they turn over their minds/brains to the likes of Darwin and Others. Personally, i don’t care much for Mind Squatters!

Sometimes, we cannot help being adversely affected by air pollution…we may be unaware…of air quality, etc. where we happen to live. Where do our minds live??  Same with many of us regarding the bullying of evolution on our brains…since childhood, etc.  Many of us have been indoctrinated/(brain washed?) with this teaching at a young age…by chance vs. by choice.  (Public) education?? or aka (Public) Pollution?!

Spiritual Air Pollution…propaganda, demonic ideas, controlling concepts…cause changes…an unhealthy spiritual state.

Who’s squatting in Your Mind? taking up residence?  Time to kick ’em out of your house!!

Keep Your Head in the Game—and LIVE!:) Learn what True Love is and what True Love does and what True Love produces! Do your own thorough investigation!! Do your own mind work! It’s well worth the time and effort. 🙂

Check out this: my highlights

If evolution were a fact, the fossil evidence would surely reveal a gradual changing from one kind of life into another. And that would have to be the case regardless of which variation of evolutionary theory is accepted. Even scientists who believe in the more rapid changes associated with the “punctuated equilibrium” theory acknowledge that there would still have been many thousands of years during which these changes supposedly took place. So it is not reasonable to believe that there would be no need at all for linking fossils.

Also, if evolution were founded in fact, the fossil record would be expected to reveal beginnings of new structures in living things. There should be at least some fossils with developing arms, legs, wings, eyes, and other bones and organs. For instance, there should be fish fins changing into amphibian legs with feet and toes, and gills changing into lungs. There should be reptiles with front limbs changing into bird wings, back limbs changing into legs with claws, scales changing into feathers, and mouths changing into horny beaks.

In this regard the British journal New Scientist says of the theory: “It predicts that a complete fossil record would consist of lineages of organisms showing gradual change continuously over long periods of time.”⁠As Darwin himself asserted: “The number of intermediate varieties, which have formerly existed, [must] be truly enormous.”5

7. What should the fossil record show if the Genesis creation account is factual?

On the other hand, if the Genesis creation account is factual, then the fossil record would not show one type of life turning into another. It would reflect the Genesis statement that each different type of living thing would reproduce only “according to its kind.” (Genesis 1:11, 12,21, 24, 25) Also, if living things came into being by an act of creation, there would be no partial, unfinished bones or organs in the fossil record. All fossils would be complete and highly complex, as living things are today.

8. If living things were created, what else should the fossil record show?

In addition, if living things were created, they would be expected to appear suddenly in the fossil record, unconnected to anything before them. And if this was found to be true, what then? Darwin frankly admitted: “If numerous species . . . have really started into life at once, the fact would be fatal to the theory of evolution.”⁠6

How Complete Is the Record?

9. What did Darwin say about the evidence in his day?

However, is the fossil record complete enough for a fair test of whether it is creation or evolution that finds support? Over a century ago, Darwin did not think so. What was “wrong” with the fossil record in his time? It did not contain the transitional links required to support his theory. This situation caused him to say: “Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely-graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and serious objection which can be urged against the theory.”7

10. What other disappointment did Darwin mention?

10 The fossil record in Darwin’s day proved disappointing to him in another way. He explained: “The abrupt manner in which whole groups of species suddenly appear in certain formations has been urged by several paleontologists . . . as a fatal objection to the belief in the transmutation of species.” He added: “There is another and allied difficulty, which is much more serious. I allude to the manner in which species belonging to several of the main divisions of the animal kingdom suddenly appear in the lowest known fossiliferous rocks. . . . The case at present must remain inexplicable; and may be truly urged as a valid argument against the [evolutionary] views here entertained.”⁠8

11. How did Darwin attempt to explain the difficulties?

11 Darwin attempted to explain these huge problems by attacking the fossil record. He said: “I look at the geological record as a history of the world imperfectly kept, . . . imperfect to an extreme degree.”⁠It was assumed by him and others that as time passed the missing fossil links surely would be found.

12. How extensive is the fossil record now?

12 Now, after well over a century of extensive digging, vast numbers of fossils have been unearthed. Is the record still so “imperfect”? The book Processes of Organic Evolution comments: “The record of past forms of life is now extensive and is constantly increasing in richness as paleontologists find, describe, and compare new fossils.”10 And Smithsonian Institution scientist Porter Kier adds: “There are a hundred million fossils, all catalogued and identified, in museums around the world.”⁠11 Hence, A Guide to Earth History declares: “By the aid of fossils palaeontologists can now give us an excellent picture of the life of past ages.”12

13, 14. Why have evolutionists been disappointed by the enlarged fossil evidence?

13 After all this time, and the assembling of millions of fossils, what does the record now say? Evolutionist Steven Stanley states that these fossils “reveal new and surprising things about our biological origins.”⁠13 The book A View of Life, written by three evolutionists, adds: “The fossil record is full of trends that paleontologists have been unable to explain.”⁠14 What is it that these evolutionary scientists have found to be so “surprising” and are “unable to explain”?

14 What has confounded such scientists is the fact that the massive fossil evidence now available reveals the very same thing that it did in Darwin’s day: Basic kinds of living things appeared suddenly and did not change appreciably for long periods of time. No transitional links between one major kind of living thing and another have ever been found. So what the fossil record says is just the opposite of what was expected.

15. What conclusion did a botanist draw from his study of the fossil record?

15 Swedish botanist Heribert Nilsson described the situation this way, after 40 years of his own research: “It is not even possible to make a caricature of an evolution out of palaeobiological facts. The fossil material is now so complete that . . . the lack of transitional series cannot be explained as due to the scarcity of material. The deficiencies are real, they will never be filled.”15

lol…laughable! the irony of evolution lacking any fossil…fuel…no true substance/energy/tractionyet, it’s a very dangerous/toxic gas…false ideology! It has contaminated, shaped and molded/moved the minds of millions…and for some…alienating them from the TRUTH about true source of love & life…the True God/Creator of Life–Yahweh!

Some of us don’t like having any authority in life…or having to answer to a Higher Power…God.  Some don’t like accountability.  They only want to answer to themselves.

And…Some bow/submit to false ideas/false gods, etc….aka let these dictate/control their thinking/lives. Personally, i don’t bow/worship imposter gods…female or male. Or so-called teachings of “higher” education…that don’t elevate my thinking or living…but rather inflate head/ego instead.

No transitional features found. (period)

28. Have transitional forms of bones and organs ever been found?

28 Another difficulty for evolution is the fact that nowhere in the fossil record are found partially formed bones or organs that could be taken for the beginning of a new feature. For instance, there are fossils of various types of flying creatures​—birds, bats, extinct pterodactyls. According to evolutionary theory, they must have evolved from transitional ancestors. But none of those transitional forms have been found. There is not a hint of them. Are there any fossils of giraffes with necks two thirds or three quarters as long as at present? Are there any fossils of birds evolving a beak from a reptile jaw? Is there any fossil evidence of fish developing an amphibian pelvis, or of fish fins turning into amphibian legs, feet and toes? The fact is, looking for such developing features in the fossil record has proved to be a fruitless quest.

A whiff? a hint? Fruitless!…yet—rotten fruitage—produced, eh? Lots of “stinky” “dirty” money made off of lies! (including lie of evolution!)  Lies are big business…(so is keeping people sick).  Sorry, but i don’t eat rotten nor rotting fruit…nor buy it for food. Do You?!

The New Evolutionary Timetable acknowledges, “the fossil record does not convincingly document a single transition from one species to another. Furthermore, species lasted for astoundingly long periods of time.”33​—Italics added. (my highlight)

30. What does an extensive study confirm?

30 This agrees with the extensive study made by the Geological Society of London and the Palaeontological Association of England. Professor of natural science John N. Moore reported on the results: “Some 120 scientists, all specialists, prepared 30 chapters in a monumental work of over 800 pages to present the fossil record for plants and animals divided into about 2,500 groups. . . . Each major form or kind of plant and animal is shown to have a separate and distinct history from all the other forms or kinds! Groups of both plants and animals appear suddenly in the fossil record. . . . Whales, bats, horses, primates, elephants, hares, squirrels, etc., all are as distinct at their first appearance as they are now. There is not a trace of a common ancestor, much less a link with any reptile, the supposed progenitor.” Moore added: “No transitional forms have been found in the fossil record very probably because no transitional forms exist in fossil stage at all. Very likely, transitions between animal kinds and/​or transitions between plant kinds have never occurred.”⁠34

31. Does the fossil record say something different now from what it said in Darwin’s day?

31 Thus, what was true in Darwin’s day is just as true today. The evidence of the fossil record is still as zoologist D’Arcy Thompson said some years ago in his book On Growth and Form: “Darwinian evolution has not taught us how birds descend from reptiles, mammals from earlier quadrupeds, quadrupeds from fishes, nor vertebrates from the invertebrate stock. . . . to seek for stepping-stones across the gaps between is to seek in vain, for ever.”⁠35

But what about horses, i LOVE horses…..

As The World Book Encyclopedia states: “Horses are among the best-documented examples of evolutionary development.”⁠36Illustrations of this begin with a very small animal and end with the large horse of today. But does the fossil evidence really support this?

33. Does the fossil evidence really support evolution of the horse?

33 The Encyclopædia Britannica comments: “The evolution of the horse was never in a straight line.”⁠37 In other words, nowhere does the fossil evidence show a gradual development from the small animal to the large horse. Evolutionist Hitching says of this foremost evolutionary model: “Once portrayed as simple and direct, it is now so complicated that accepting one version rather than another is more a matter of faith than rational choice. Eohippus, supposedly the earliest horse, and said by experts to be long extinct and known to us only through fossils, may in fact be alive and well and not a horse at all​—a shy, fox-sized animal called a daman that darts about in the African bush.”⁠38

34, 35. (a) Why do some now question the place of Eohippus? (b) Have any evolutionary ancestors been found for the varieties of fossil horses?

34 Placing little Eohippus as the ancestor of the horse strains the imagination, especially in view of what The New Evolutionary Timetable says: “It was widely assumed that [Eohippus] had slowly but persistently turned into a more fully equine animal.” But do the facts support this assumption? “The fossil species of [Eohippus] show little evidence of evolutionary modification,” answers the book. It thus concedes, regarding the fossil record: “It fails to document the full history of the horse family.”39

35 So, some scientists now say that little Eohippus never was a type of horse or an ancestor of one. And each type of fossil put into the horse line showed remarkable stability, with no transitional forms between it and others that were thought to be evolutionary ancestors. Nor should it be surprising that there are fossils of horses of different sizes and shapes. Even today, horses vary from very small ponies to large plow horses. All are varieties within the horse family.

Time for joanie to shut up…YAY! (You may say;))

When we let the fossil record speak, its testimony is not evolution-oriented. Instead, the testimony of the fossil record is creation-oriented. It shows that many different kinds of living things suddenly appeared. While there was great variety within each kind, these had no links to evolutionary ancestors before them. Nor did they have any evolutionary links to different kinds of living things that came after them. Various kinds of living things persisted with little change for long periods of time before some of them became extinct, while others survive down to this day.

37. How does an evolutionist acknowledge this?

37 “The concept of evolution cannot be considered a strong scientific explanation for the presence of the diverse forms of life,” concludes evolutionist Edmund Samuel in his book Order: In Life. Why not? He adds: “No fine analysis of biogeographic distribution or of the fossil record can directly support evolution.”⁠40


The above-excerpted reading…promotes “impartial” inquiry! am i an impartial investigator??

As zoologist Coffin stated: “To secular scientists, the fossils, evidences of the life of the past, constitute the ultimate and final court of appeal, because the fossil record is the only authentic history of life available to science. If this fossil history does not agree with evolutionary theory​—and we have seen that it does not—​what does it teach? It tells us that plants and animals were created in their basic forms. The basic facts of the fossil record support creation, not evolution.”⁠41

Wow! even Sagan sees…”evidence” of design/designer:)

Astronomer Carl Sagan candidly acknowledged in his book Cosmos: “The fossil evidence could be consistent with the idea of a Great Designer.”⁠42

{(Regarding concept of Evolution…i see evidence of a designer of a dastardly-deceptive-design…of imagination/fiction.)}

Is it time to take out the trash?? Some things are worth recycling; other things are not!

An impartial inquiry (including touchy topics) is like…Breathing Fresh, Clean, Pure Air…it’s good for Brains. 🙂

Reference Reading: Life–how Did It Get Here? By Evolution or By Creation? Chapter 5, “Letting the Fossil Record Speak” pp. 54-70


4. New Scientist, book review by Tom Kemp of The New Evolutionary Timetable by Steven M. Stanley, February 4, 1982, p. 320.

5. The Origin of Species, Part Two, p. 55.

6. Ibid., p. 83.

7. Ibid., p. 55.

8. Ibid., pp. 83, 88, 91, 92.

9. Ibid., pp. 94, 296.

10. Processes of Organic Evolution, p. 136.

11. New Scientist, January 15, 1981, p. 129.

12. A Guide to Earth History, by Richard Carrington, 1956, p. 48.

13. The New Evolutionary Timetable, by Steven M. Stanley, 1981, p. 6.

14. A View of Life, by Salvador E. Luria, Stephen Jay Gould, Sam Singer, 1981, p. 642.

15. Synthetische Artbildung (The Synthetic Origin of Species), by Heribert Nilsson, 1953, p. 1212.

June 2018 @ the “Mind Gym”

–fav local FL place

& fav flowering tree–

Crape Myrtle

7/21/18 @ 8:01 p.m.

p.s. oops…the missing…link?:)…nope, the missing footnotes…🙂

33. The New Evolutionary Timetable, p. 95.

34. Should Evolution Be Taught? by John N. Moore, 1970, pp. 9, 14, 24; New Scientist, “Letters,” September 15, 1983, p. 798.

35. On Growth and Form, by D’Arcy Thompson, 1959, Vol. II, pp. 1093, 1094.

36. The World Book Encyclopedia, 1982, Vol. 6, p. 333.

37. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1976, Macropædia, Vol. 7, p. 13.

38. The Neck of the Giraffe, by Francis Hitching, 1982, p. 31.

39. The New Evolutionary Timetable, pp. 4, 96.

40. Order: In Life, by Edmund Samuel, 1972, p. 120.

41. Liberty, September/​October 1975, p. 14.

42. Cosmos, by Carl Sagan, 1980, p. 29.

7/21/18 @ 11:10 p.m.

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bach & handel

appreciation attitude Breathing-Fragile-Life change choice comfort conscientious-ness contentment control courage faith forgiveness healing heart hope Hope humility insights Joan Winifred joy lamentations of the heart music never giving up! patience stress management transformation trust Truth Unity

Balking and handling…
(gently & patiently)

It’s Friday, what else am i gonna do?? Change my attitude?!(insert (or is lose)…snarky/sarcastic tone)

Another Day of the Week?…Nah, liv-ing Friday!

7/20/18 @ 3:12 p.m.

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(Spineless??) (Mind) Contortionist(s)?! hmmmm

courage dance faith insights Joan Winifred mind food spiritual food study trust Truth

PLEASE READ & THINK AT YOUR OWN RISK…of g~e~n~t~l~y stretching/(exercising within reason) Your Own Mind—Your Own Power(s) of Reason:)

Thinking about: flexibility, hypermobility, and contortion–differing phenomena…and any long-term damage to spine….may be? (mind) front benders and back benders…are spineless? or have damaged consciences? or a damaged consciousness? or are dangerously/fatally indecisive?? or too wishy-washy??  Or just exercising their particular mind-range-of-motion…also, thinking about (mind) performing arts…(i.e. enterology—squeezing one’s body into a small box).

(Mind) boxes various minds stuff themselves in; crowded.

Bodies have healthy/reasonable limits of movement/actions and so? should minds, eh?…to remain healthy & safe, etc. FIT!

Some bodies are more flexible than others…minds…move, moving…

Being a healthy, flexible/open-minded s–t–r–e–t–c–h–y thinker is one thing…however, too much over-stretching can be damaging & dangerous in my P.O.V.

Just doing some “surface” thinking…seems like IF …too overly-rigid or too overly-stretched-out…mind …

elastic waist bands serve a purpose!…suppose to hold up your pants/skirt!…yet, when the waist band doesn’t snap back…is over-stretched…it’s not working properly, right?  Yeah, thinking/reading (briefly tonight) about neural plasticity…strengthening and weakening…and shaping, structure, function..(a fascinating subject/topic for me, however, secondary to spiritual topics which i prioritize)…

tests of faith arise, (tests of elasticity? snapping, breaking, stretching abilities/growth) etc. Anyway…these above-mentioned thoughts bring me to this:

Backbone of FAITH and COURAGE based on (sufficient “accurate” knowledge (doesn’t always include every minute detail)) needed for “stability” and spiritually-active-life-saving-decisiveness, eh?

Abraham certainly had backbone!! Not a coward… and not disagreeable!… actually, his test was more of an agreeable test of… “willingly” performing the seemingly “disagreeable” act/sacrifice. Why would he willingly do such an act?

Whose gonna have the last laugh?? (The faith FULL?)…(beware of mind poison, huh?;)

Abraham had already built up his immunity (his FAITH) in God/”true” salvation and the resurrection…(HOPE)

He foreshadowed what God himself was willing and would do in offering up (his beloved son Isaac on altar) for all of humanity…Jesus Christ–God’s Son.

Interesting reading on subject: Abraham, Faith, Sacrifice, Resurrection:

According to a recent estimate, one of the worst pandemics in human history was the Spanish influenza of 1918, which killed tens of millions of people. Other diseases are more lethal in a sense. While they may infect fewer people, they kill a higher percentage of the people they do infect.* However, what if we were to compare sin to such a pandemic? Recall the words of Romans 5:12: “Through one man sin entered into the world and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men because they had all sinned.” The infection rate of sin is 100 percent, since all imperfect humans sin. (Read Romans 3:23.) And what is the mortality rate? Paul wrote that sin brings death “to all men.”

Many today do not see sin and death in such dire terms. They worry about what they call premature death, but they dismiss as “natural” the death that creeps up on humans through the aging process. It is all too easy for humans to forget the Creator’s perspective. Our lifespan is infinitely shorter than he meant it to be. Actually, no human has lived for even “one day” from Jehovah’s point of view. (2 Pet. 3:8) God’s Word thus says that our lives are as transitory as a season’s growth of grass or as an exhaled breath. (Ps. 39:5; 1 Pet. 1:24) We need to keep that perspective in mind. Why? If we see the severity of the “disease” that afflicts us, we can better appreciate the value of the “cure”​—our deliverance.

Jehovah asked the faithful man Abraham to do something supremely difficult​—to offer up his son Isaac as a sacrifice. Now, Abraham was a loving father. Jehovah spoke to him of Isaac as “your only son whom you so love.” (Gen. 22:2) Still, Abraham saw that doing Jehovah’s will was even more important than his love for IsaacAbraham went ahead and obeyed. However, Jehovah did not allow Abrahamto do what He himself would do one day. God sent an angel to stop Abraham just before sacrificing his son. Abraham had been so determined to obey his God in this difficult test that he felt sure that his only hope of seeing the young man alive again would be by means of a resurrection. But he had complete faith that God would perform such a resurrection. Indeed, Paul said that Abraham did receive Isaac back by resurrection “in an illustrative way.”​—Heb. 11:19.

14 Can you begin to imagine Abraham’s pain as he prepared to offer up his son? In a sense, Abraham’s experience helps to illustrate that of Jehovah in sacrificing the one he called “my Son, the beloved.” (Matt. 3:17) Remember, though, that Jehovah’s pain was likely more intense. He and his Son had enjoyed associating together for countless millions, perhaps even billions, of years. The Son worked joyously with the Father as his beloved “master worker” and as his Spokesman, “the Word.” (Prov. 8:22,30, 31; John 1:1) What Jehovah endured as his Son was tormented, ridiculed, and then executed as a criminal is far more than we can know. Our deliverance cost Jehovah dearly!

How might we illustrate why we should appreciate the deliverance that Jehovah has made possible for us?

16 Let us return to the illustration given at the outset. Suppose the doctor who finds the cure to the disease were to approach the patients in your ward with this offer: Any patient who accepts treatment and follows the prescribed regimen will without fail be cured. What if most of your fellow patients refused to follow the doctor’s direction, arguing that it would be too much trouble to take the medicine or adhere to the prescribed regimen? Would you go along with them, even though you had convincing evidence that the cure really worked? Of course not! No doubt you would express thanks for the cure and then follow the doctor’s instructions carefully, perhaps even telling others of your choice. In a far greater sense, each of us should be eager to show Jehovah just how much we appreciate the deliverance that he has made possible through the ransom sacrifice of his Son.​—Read Romans 6:17, 18. [excerpts Do You Value What Jehovah Has Done to Deliver You? w ’09]

It’s not that big of a mind stretch to appreciate Abraham’s Act of Faith…the point…Yes, Abraham was a man of Great, Sturdy Faith…faith based on “convincing” evidence…what evidence?! check it out (my purple highlights):

12, 13. What powerful basis for faith in the resurrection did Abraham have?

12 Abraham, who was described as “Jehovah’s friend,” was a man of outstanding faith. (James 2:23) Paul referred to Abraham’s faith three times in his listing of faithful men and women recorded in the 11th chapter of Hebrews. (Hebrews 11:8, 9, 17) His third reference focuses on the faith Abraham displayed when he obediently prepared to offer up his son Isaac as a sacrifice. Abraham was convinced that the promise of a seed through Isaac was guaranteed by Jehovah. Even if Isaac were to die as a sacrifice, Abraham “reckoned that God was able to raise him up even from the dead.

13 As events turned out, when Jehovah saw the strength of Abraham’s faith, he arranged for an animal to substitute as a sacrifice. Still, Isaac’s experience served as an illustration of the resurrection, as Paul explained: “From there he [Abraham] did receive him [Isaac] also in an illustrative way.” (Hebrews 11:19) More than that,Abraham already had a powerful basis for his belief in the resurrection. Had not Jehovah brought back to life Abraham’s reproductive powers when he and his wife, Sarah, came together in their old age and produced their son, Isaac?​Genesis 18:10-14; 21:1-3; Romans 4:19-21. [Excerpts The Resurrection a Bible Teaching That Affects You w ’05]

Faith Immunity…Inconceivable??…NAH!😉

7/7/18 @ 9:45 p.m.

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Healthy Faith

faith Joan Winifred

The Greek…

hy·poʹsta·sis : “the assured expectation”

eʹleg·khos : “the evident demonstration”

Faith is the assured expectation of what is hoped for, the evident demonstration*(convincing evidence) of realities that are not seen. (Hebrews 11:1)

Not a material substance…

(a) foundation; substructure; groundwork; confidence; courage; resolution; steadiness; undertaking; promise; or, (b) substantial nature; substance; actual existence; reality; real nature; essence; the full expression or expansion (of an idea).* (*According to A Greek-English Lexicon, by Liddell and Scott, in a new edition revised and augmented, in two volumes. 1948 reprinting.)

questions for reflections:

am i faithless?
do i need more faith?

(faith can be on a spectrum…eh?)

is my faith healthy?

6/26/18 @ 12:29 a.m., P.C., FL

p.s. tech issue…(this was included in draft)…

Faith :  (my highlights)

“Assured expectation” translates the Greek word hy·poʹsta·sis. This term is common in ancient papyrus business documents. It conveys the idea of something that underlies visible conditions and guarantees a future possession. In view of this, Moulton and Milligan suggest the rendering: “Faith is the title deed of things hoped for.” (Vocabulary of the Greek Testament, 1963, p. 660) The Greek word eʹleg·khos, rendered “evident demonstration,” conveys the idea of bringing forth evidence that demonstrates something, particularly something contrary to what appears to be the case. Thereby this evidence makes clear what has not been discerned before and so refutes what has only appeared to be the case. “The evident demonstration,” or evidence for conviction, is so positive or powerful that faith is said to be it.

So faith is not credulity. The person who may ridicule faith usually has faith himself in tried and trusted friends. The scientist has faith in the principles of his branch of science. He bases new experiments on past discoveries and looks for new discoveries on the basis of those things already established as true. Likewise, the farmer prepares his soil and sows the seed, expecting, as in previous years, that the seed will sprout and that the plants will grow as they receive the needed moisture and sunshine. Therefore faith in the stability of the natural laws governing the universe actually constitutes a foundation for man’s plans and activities. Such stability is alluded to by the wise writer of Ecclesiastes: “The sun also has flashed forth, and the sun has set, and it is coming panting to its place where it is going to flash forth. The wind is going to the south, and it is circling around to the north. Round and round it is continually circling, and right back to its circlings the wind is returning. All the winter torrents are going forth to the sea, yet the sea itself is not full. To the place where the winter torrents are going forth, there they are returning so as to go forth.”​—Ec 1:5-7. [excerpted readings: “Faith” Insight, Vol. 1, pp 803-805]

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