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Authenticity & Canonicity BEYOND Doubt

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A. Authenticity
B. Beyond Doubt
C. Canonicity
D. Definite
E. Exactitude

Learning our ABCDE’s…huh?:) Important in order (or out of order) to learn/use words aka put meaningful sentences together…aka act with proficiency/wisdom…(my purple highlighted past readings excerpted) a necessary:

Professor Julio Trebolle Barrera, a member of the team of experts charged with studying and publishing the ancient manuscripts known as the Dead Sea Scrolls, says: “The transmission of the text of the Hebrew Bible is of extraordinary exactitude, without parallel in Greek and Latin classical literature.” Respected Bible scholar F. F. Bruce says: “The evidence for our New Testament writings is ever so much greater than the evidence for many writings of classical authors, the authenticity of which no one dreams of questioning.” He continues: “If the New Testament were a collection of secular writings, their authenticity would generally be regarded as beyond all doubt.”

The survival of the Bible is extraordinary, considering what happened to the writings of nations contemporary with the Israelites. The Phoenicians, for instance, were neighbors of the Israelites during the first millennium B.C.E. These sea traders spread their alphabetic writing system throughout the Mediterranean area. They also profited from an extensive papyrus trade with Egypt and the Greek world. Even so, the National Geographic magazine observes regarding the Phoenicians: “Their writings, mostly on fragile papyrus, disintegrated​—so that we now know the Phoenicians mainly by the biased reports of their enemies. Although the Phoenicians themselves reportedly had a rich literature, it was totally lost in antiquity.

What about the writings of the ancient Egyptians? The hieroglyphics they carved or painted on temple walls and elsewhere are well-known. The Egyptians are also famous for developing papyrus as a writing material. However, regarding Egyptian records written on papyrus, Egyptologist K. A. Kitchen says: “It has been estimated that some 99 percent of all papyri written from circa 3000 down to the advent of Greco-Roman times have perished completely.

What about Roman records that were written on papyrus? Consider this example. According to the book Roman Military Records on Papyrus, Roman soldiers were apparently paid three times a year, and a record of the pay was made on papyrus pay vouchers. It is estimated that during the 300 years from Augustus (27 B.C.E.–14 C.E.) to Diocletian (284-305 C.E), there were 225,000,000 individual pay records. How many have survived? Only two have been found that are legible.

Why have so few ancient documents written on papyrus survived? Perishable materials, such as papyrus and another common writing material, leather, decay quickly in damp climates. The Anchor Bible Dictionary says: “Because of the climate, papyrus documents from this period [the first millennium B.C.E.] are likely to be preserved only if they are in a dry desert and in a cave or shelter.

The original Bible books were evidently written on material as fragile as that used by the Phoenicians, Egyptians, and Romans. Why, then, did the material contained in the Bible survive to become the world’s most published book? Professor James L. Kugel provides one reason. He says that the original writings were copied “many, many times even within the biblical period itself.” [excerpted: The Bible a Remarkable Story of Survival w 09]

IF we feed/educate/indoctrinate/nourish/supply/train our (individual) minds/consciences only/solely with works of fiction/mind-food-fabrications, do works of fiction manifest/fabricate in our lives aka our words, our works of say senselessness/nonsense or fiction or as meaninglessness/ultimately useless pursuits?? Reminds of expression… “only as good as our word.” How “reliable” are my words?! In Other Words:)..aka “observable” actions…do my deeds truthfully back up my words??

Seriously speaking, IF i desire/want, my personal life-story to continue/play out long and my life not cut short/decay quickly…wouldn’t i do well to learn reliable survival-skills from a trust-worthy place/source of truth?

Reliability of the Bible Text. Appreciation of the reliability of the Bible is greatly enhanced when it is realized that, by comparison, there are only very few extant manuscripts of the works of classical secular writers and none of these are original, autograph manuscripts. Though they are only copies made centuries after the death of the authors, present-day scholars accept such late copies as sufficient evidence of the authenticity of the text.

Extant Hebrew manuscripts of the Scriptures were prepared with great care. Respecting the text of the Hebrew Scriptures, scholar W. H. Green observed: “It may be safely said that no other work of antiquity has been so accurately transmitted.” (Archaeology and Bible History, by J. P. Free, 1964, p. 5) The late Bible text scholar Sir Frederic Kenyon made this reassuring statement in the introduction to his seven volumes entitled The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri: “The first and most important conclusion derived from the examination of them [the Papyri] is the satisfactory one that they confirm the essential soundness of the existing texts. No striking or fundamental variation is shown either in the Old or the New Testament. There are no important omissions or additions of passages, and no variations which affect vital facts or doctrines. The variations of text affect minor matters, such as the order of words or the precise words used. . . . But their essential importance is their confirmation, by evidence of an earlier date than was hitherto available, of the integrity of our existing texts. In this respect they are an acquisition of epoch-making value.”​—London, 1933, Fasciculus I, p. 15.

Concerning the Christian Greek Scriptures, Sir Frederic Kenyon stated: “The interval then between the dates of original composition and the earliest extant evidence becomes so small as to be in fact negligible, and the last foundation for any doubt that the Scriptures have come down to us substantially as they were written has now been removed. Both the authenticity and the general integrity of the books of the New Testament may be regarded as finally established.”​—The Bible and Archæology, 1940, pp. 288, 289. [excerpted readings: Manuscripts of the Bible, Insight, Vol. 2]

Reasons to Check it Out aka Worthy of Scholarly Attention aka Study the Bible aka Make it Daily PRIORITY Reading…IF some of us feel we have benefitted in some way (trivial or otherwise) by “fictional” works…how MUCH MORE so would/could we benefit (Monumentally) by Bible reading?! Of course, us humans aren’t so willing to do anything without any self-interest or self-benefit, eh?!;) Many of us have the attitude (about any seemingly disciplined, time-consuming endeavor) what’s in it for me?!;)…a little or A LOT, “limited” results or limitless/immeasurable ones? 🙂

The Bible is not an unrelated assortment or collection of heterogeneous fragments from Jewish and Christian literature. Rather, it is an organizational book, highly unified and interconnected in its various segments, which indeed reflect the systematic orderliness of the Creator-Author himself. God’s dealings with Israel in giving them a comprehensive law code as well as regulations governing matters even down to small details of camp life​—things that were later mirrored in the Davidic kingdom as well as in the congregational arrangement among first-century Christians—​reflect and magnify this organizational aspect of the Bible.

Contents. In contents this Book of Books reveals the past, explains the present, and foretells the future. These are matters that only He who knows the end from the beginning could author. (Isa 46:10) Starting at the beginning by telling of the creation of heaven and earth, the Bible next gives a sweeping account of the events that prepared the earth for man’s habitation. Then the truly scientific explanation of the origin of man is revealed​—how life comes only from a Life-Giver—​facts that only the Creator now in the role of Author could explain. (Ge 1:26-28; 2:7) With the account of why men die, the overriding theme that permeates the whole Bible was introduced. This theme, the vindication of Jehovah’s sovereignty and the ultimate fulfillment of his purpose for the earth, by means of his Kingdom under Christ, the promised Seed, was wrapped up in the first prophecy concerning ‘the seed of the woman.’ (Ge 3:15) More than 2,000 years passed before this promise of a “seed” was again mentioned, God telling Abraham: “By means of your seed all nations of the earth will certainly bless themselves.” (Ge 22:18) Over 800 years later, renewed assurance was given to Abraham’s descendant King David, and with the passing of more time Jehovah’s prophets kept this flame of hope burning brightly. (2Sa 7:12, 16; Isa 9:6, 7) More than 1,000 years after David and 4,000 years after the original prophecy in Eden, the Promised Seed himself appeared, Jesus Christ, the legal heir to “the throne of David his father.” (Lu 1:31-33; Ga 3:16) Bruised in death by the earthly seed of the “serpent,” this “Son of the Most High” provided the ransom purchase price for the life rights lost to Adam’s offspring, thus providing the only means whereby mankind can get everlasting life. He was then raised on high, there to await the appointed time to hurl “the original serpent, the one called Devil and Satan,” down to the earth, finally to be destroyed forever. Thus the magnificent theme announced in Genesis and developed and enlarged upon throughout the balance of the Bible is, in the closing chapters of Revelation, brought to a glorious climax as Jehovah’s grand purpose by means of his Kingdom is made apparent.​—Re 11:15; 12:1-12, 17; 19:11-16; 20:1-3, 7-10; 21:1-5; 22:3-5.[excerpted readings: Bible

Worthwhile reading is a positive-coping, self-helping/thriving-timely-tool…:) Plus, i personally have no (warranted) trust issues whatsoever with the Bible Books…all 66: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon (Canticles), Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation…(unlike some other books; too many to enumerate).

READING worthwhile material is a beneficial pursuit. French political philosopher Montesquieu (Charles-Louis de Secondat) wrote: “For me, study has always been the sovereign remedy for the weariness of life. No distress has ever come upon me that an hour’s reading has not dispelled.” To a supreme degree, this is true of Bible reading. Said the inspired psalmist: “The law of Jehovah is perfect, bringing back the soul. The reminder of Jehovah is trustworthy, making the inexperienced one wise. The orders from Jehovah are upright, causing the heart to rejoice.”​—Psalm 19:7, 8. [excerpted Bible Reading Profitable & Pleasurable–w 00]


3/12/18 @ 8:51 p.m.

p.s. a brief acknowledgement that this 1 post does not adequately develop “in detail” the canonicity of “each” individual Bible book per se…foder for another post perhaps; when i get/make time. As always, i encourage You to do Your own research on the reliability of any of Your particular readings secular or other.

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Kale Chips and Brussels Sprouts

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My limited diet today… made myself oven-baked Kale chips with Pink Salt and Ginger (and for breakfast?! YEP!;))

Tonight, for dinner, Chato made Brussels Sprouts.

Washed Kale chips down with Chamomile tea and Sprouts with Green tea with Thyme.

Yucky!-lol (You may be thinking?)… but Kale to me is like Spinach to Popeye!:) Though, yeah, i resemble Olive; teased much as a skinny kid for resembling her (especially when Popeye movie came out.) ;)…In other words, healthy mind/body food “spiritual” and physical helps me in my fine fight of compassion/Agape Love Living Every Day…(BTW: NOT endorsing physical violence whatsoever as any solution to problems. Hate, violence, war make misery and more problems, DUH!)

As You:) probably already know: Spiritual and/or psychological warfare is not the same as carnal warfare…further context, please read: physical-v-spiritual-warfare and caregiving-soldiers-in-the-fight-for-compassion and honoring-the-duty-of-compassion

Please “research” the multi-benefits of Kale and Brussels Sprouts… and Spinach… and anything else You may be thinking of consuming (mentally or bodily) or are already consuming as You read this post.

I haven’t been feeling well lately and needed an energy boost. Feeding my mind/body-body/mind nutritious food is good for my physical and spiritual health.  This wise-practical-admonition “protects” my mental/emotional/psychological health and “positive” attitude and “well-founded” “Bible-based” hope for the future…

Philippians 4:8 “Finally, brothers, whatever things are true, whatever things are of serious concern, whatever things are righteous, whatever things are chaste,*(pure) whatever things are lovable, whatever things are well-spoken-of, whatever things are virtuous, and whatever things are praiseworthy, continue considering*(or “thinking about, meditating upon”) these things.”

Just like i wanna be “selective” about what i eat for health reasons (i.e., my quality and quantity of life)…and to feel good, be healthy, etc…There is so MUCH mind-poison and depressing-propaganda “readily” available on and off-line…i do well to ask myself: about any reading material/mind-food, etc.

Will this pass the Philippians 4:8 test??
Will this add to my wellness??
Will this add to my peace??
Will this take away from my wellness??
Will this take away from my peace-of-mind??

Spiritual Health & Physical Health & Peace to You Reader:)

3/8/18 @ 8:30 p.m.

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books, books, books, and crooks

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There is an over-whelming, exhaustive-flood of so-called “information”… a raging mud-flood of a virtual-kind on-line–the internet/the media, in print, etc….caution is needed… so as not to drown!! And to stay afloat/alive in the pure-*sea-of-Accuracy!!:)

(*Sea/see…positive results aka wisdom is proved true by clear evidence.)

(That’s where i choose to swim (*see results); in safe waters (of accuracy) without sharks, snakes, profiteers, etc., Piranha!-OUCH.)

am very selective about my mind-food…(If we are what we eat, i wanna be sweet and not bitter!😉 and healthy, happy, and hopeful. 🙂

{So much so-called “information” “knowledge” is tainted by bias, self-serving-opinion, and extreme-emotion or my POV;)}

i thoroughly “respect” this ancient-Biblical warning:

The words of the wise are like oxgoads, and their collected sayings are like firmly embedded nails; they have been given from one shepherd. 12 As for anything besides these, my son, be warned: To the making of many books there is no end, and much devotion to them is wearisome to the flesh. Ecclesiastes 12:12…

3 “Curiosity has long been a human trait. The dangers of wasting too much time in the pursuit of useless or even harmful information were recognized back in the days of King Solomon.”

i am a learner… and value study/research–“accuracy” every day: to aid in sound-balanced-accurate decision-making that doesn’t endanger/hurt my life or fellow-fragile-life or cut it short..

 Some individuals have become information addicts, always feeding an insatiable desire to be up-to-date while neglecting more important things. Others acquire partial information about complex fields of knowledge and then view themselves as experts. Based on only a limited understanding, they may make crucial decisions that can cause harm to themselves or to others. And always present is the danger of exposure to false or inaccurate information. There is often no reliable way to verify that the flood of information is accurate and balanced. w 5/1/00 par. 2

Is it a “trap” to fall into mind-binge-eating?! Is one mind/one stomach “actually” capable of or have legitimate accessibility to all known mind-food out there?! Does the “arrogant” mind-binger say… “hmmm, I know-it-all because I’ve eaten it all…the (junk??) food out there/readily available aka anything/everything I can get my mind on… and am now left empty or with sour stomach/indigestion or worse (and unsatisfied and still hungry)… so (is it “reasonable” for the junk-food mind-binger to conclude), there must not exist “any” healthy, whole, nutritious, satisfying-truth-food?!”

Just like physical food choices have short/long-term positive or negative health affects…

 Personally, my mind-appetite is always satisfied by scripture…

16 I applied my heart to acquire wisdom and to see all the activity* happening on the earth,+ even going without sleep day and night.* 17 Then I considered all the work of the true God, and I realized that mankind cannot comprehend what happens under the sun.+ No matter how hard men try, they cannot comprehend it. Even if they claim that they are wise enough to know, they cannot really comprehend it.+ Ecclesiastes chapter 8.

{Perhaps? Post to be continued…idk.}

Happy-Healthy-Mind-Eating to You Reader:).. and PEACE:)

1/26/18 @ 1:12 p.m.

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3 little birdies

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26 Observe intently the birds of heaven; they do not sow seed or reap or gather into storehouses, yet your heavenly Father feeds them. […] (Matthew 6:26)

To the animals he gives food,To the young ravens that call out for it. (Psalm 147:9)

An observation:  Do birds worry?!  No, they are busy eating, singing, flying, soaring–being birdies, lol 🙂

Worrying is paralyzing and damaging!… (and gets ya no where.)

“when” human“kind” (chooses compassion) …there is enough for everyone (to share)…🙂

the earth is rich!… full of plenty to sustain/maintain life… for birds, for people… for all-fellow-fragile-life!!… “when” man”cruel” selfishly mismanages Earth… misuses resources/abuses power…causing poverty, famine, hunger… and not just for food.

My positive outlook/Hope:  ultimately/eventually everything will be alright… with compassion (and Divine Intervention) education!

enjoyed this past reading(s)…

The Bible makes many references to birds, often to teach valuable lessons. For example, concerning the ostrich and its incredible speed, God said to a man named Job: “When she rises up and flaps her wings, she laughs at the horse and at its rider.”*The ostrich is the largest living bird, and it is the fastest runner, able to reach speeds of about 45 miles an hour (72 km/h) for short bursts.  (Job 39:13, 18) God also asked Job: “Is it by your understanding that the falcon soars, . . . or is it at your order that an eagle flies upward?” (Job 39:26, 27) The lesson? Birds perform their feats without any help from us. Their abilities testify to God’s wisdom, not ours. [excerpted “Observe Intently the BirdsAwake! 2014]

What i’ve come “to learn” through Bible study/practice (through the years)…is putting my personal preferences aside… and attempting to do “God’s” Will (and not just live by my own selfish will/desire/limited understanding/perspective of things/life)… aka living to the best of my abilities in harmony with the unfolding, progressive Divine Purpose… aka compassion, etc…things turn out alright & PEACE is found!:)

My experience: “there is more happiness in giving than there is in receiving.”

Check it out IF You🙂 choose…(further reading and research)…matthew/6/

1/18/18 @ 10:20 a.m.

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