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Oh S., “Suffering Succotash”

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“The whole world is lying in the power of the wicked one.” (1 John 5:19)

Suffering?? Of course You are and of course i am…in different ways most likely or in similarly ways …as well, nah! as awful.

Fellow-Sufferer…Please find the following informative and comforting…🙂

That “wicked one” is Satan the Devil, a powerful spirit creature who was originally an angel of God but “did not stand fast in the truth.” (John 8:44) Other spirit creatures joined Satan and rebelled against God in order to pursue selfish desires, thus making themselves demons. (Genesis 6:1-5) Ever since their rebellion, Satan and his demons have exerted a powerful and cruel influence over this world’s affairs. This has been particularly so in our time. Now, the Devil has great anger and “is misleading the entire inhabited earth,” which has resulted in “woe for the earth.” (Revelation 12:9, 12) Indeed, Satan is a brutal dictator. He gets perverse satisfaction from human suffering. It is Satan​—not God—​who causes people to suffer.

CONSIDER: Only a heartless, diabolical evildoer would cause innocent people to suffer. By contrast, the Bible says: “God is love.” (1 John 4:8) In harmony with his loving personality, “it is unthinkable for the true God to act wickedly, for the Almighty to do wrong!”​—Job 34:10.

However, you may naturally wonder, ‘How long will Almighty God permit Satan to continue his heinous rule?’ As we have seen, God abhors wickedness and our suffering causes him great pain. Furthermore, his Word urges: “Throw all your anxiety on him, because he cares for you.” (1 Peter 5:7)

It’s especially tough/(seemingly unbearable)–i’ve found–when a loved one suffers and efforts to help seem useless.  I’ve found the following comforting and HOPE You do:)

When you or someone close to you is suffering, it is easy to conclude that God is slow to act, that he should have intervened by now. Yet, the Bible assures us: “Jehovah is not slow concerning his promise, as some people consider slowness, but he is patient with you because he does not desire anyone to be destroyed but desires all to attain to repentance.”​—2 Peter 3:9.

WHEN WILL GOD ACT?

Very soon! Jesus revealed that a particular generation would witness a unique combination of conditions that would mark the last days of a “system of things.” (Matthew 24:3-42) The fulfillment of Jesus’ prophecy in our day indicates that God’s intervention in human affairs is imminent. 

But how will God bring an end to all suffering? When Jesus was on the earth, he demonstrated God’s power to alleviate mankind’s suffering. Consider some examples of this.

Natural Disasters: While Jesus and his apostles were sailing on the Sea of Galilee, a violent windstorm threatened to sink their boat. But Jesus showed that he and his Father can control the natural elements. (Colossians 1:15, 16) Jesus simply said: “Hush! Be quiet!” The result? “The wind abated, and a great calm set in.”​—Mark 4:35-39.

Sickness: Jesus was well-known for his ability to heal the blind and the lame, as well as those suffering from epilepsy, leprosy, or any other sort of infirmity. “He cured all who were suffering.”​—Matthew 4:23, 24;8:16; 11:2-5.

Food Shortages: Jesus used powers granted to him by his Father to multiply meager food supplies. It is recorded that twice during his ministry, he fed thousands.​—Matthew 14:14-21; 15:32-38.

Death: That Jehovah has the power to undo death is clearly shown by the three resurrections Jesus is recorded to have performed. One of those whom he brought back to life had been dead for four days.​—Mark 5:35-42; Luke 7:11-16; John 11:3-44. [God Will Soon End All Suffering W no. 3 2018]

7/19/18 @ 12:12 p.m.

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OH! a PEOPLE pleaser?? (n’est pas?!)

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An observation (from a Believer of TRUTH/True Believer )…aka me, an insignificant little piece of nothing…or a significant little piece of something…depends on who(m) is assessing me/making that judgement call of value/worth or not.

ceci-nest-pas-un-blog

From my POV: based on life experience and accurate knowledge acquired through years of my limited existence on Earth (49) …(aka my personal education)…i’ve come to think/believe

a lot of choices…culminate to any combination of these three:  please people (what/which people)? please myself (the work in progress (age of immaturity/maturity: physically/spiritually/mentally/emotionally) that i am at the time of my/the choice)? or please God (what/which God)?

Who’s will do i follow?? my own?? fellow-fragile-life’s?? God’s??..(basically all scenarios…boil(ing) down to my own rules/requests/requirements, other’s rules/requests/requirements or God’s rules/requests/requirements.)

 

A Loyalty Priority

Every choice affects/impacts slightly or thickly relationship(s) with: myself to myself or myself to Others or myself to God positively or negatively. So, who or what i want to please/(make happy) becomes the priority of my choice.  No matter the choice…it falls into these three basic categories for me: is this choice going to please myself?? is this choice going to please people?? is this choice going to please God??

What relationship or who do i value more? or less?

When i wisely/deliberately choose to please the TRUE GOD of the Bible, God of Love, Justice, Wisdom, Power, Compassion who is s-l-o-w to anger and ABUNDANT in loving-kindness and goodness/mercy aka The Creator/Yahweh/Jehovah…the Maker of Heavens and Earth…aka The Happy 🙂 God…my good (aka applying Bible principles in life) choices have a positive impact on all these relationships…i don’t hurt myself, people nor God. (And Yes, the living God of Love can be hurt.) It really works out well…when i choose to please God first. Sometimes/at times…this “benefit” manifests short, medium, long-term…a pattern emerges forthwith and afterward.

excerpted readings i enJOYed about Happiness as an inheritance…🙂

What about you personally? Are you happy? Can you increase your happiness? Happiness may be defined as “a state of well-being that is characterized by relative permanence, by emotion ranging from mere contentment to deep and intense joy in living, and by a natural desire for it to continue.” The Bible shows that true happiness refers to the condition of one who is blessed by Jehovah. In today’s world, though, being happy may be a challenge. Why?

Stressful events​—such as when a loved one dies […] or when faced with a divorce or the loss of a job—​can rob us of happiness. Domestic strife and a breakdown in peaceful communication can erode our sense of well-being. Ridicule by workmates or classmates, religious persecution, or imprisonment can undermine our happiness. So can deteriorating health, chronic illness, or depression. Nevertheless, Jesus Christ, “the happy and only Potentate,” delighted in bringing comfort and happiness to people. (1 Tim. 6:15; Matt. 11:28-30) In his Sermon on the Mount, Jesus identified a number of qualities that can contribute to our happiness despite distressing trials in Satan’s world.

STRONG SPIRITUALITY​—FUNDAMENTAL TO HAPPINESS

4, 5. How can we gain and maintain happiness?

The first thing that Jesus focused on is especially important: Happy are those conscious of their spiritual need, since the Kingdom of the heavens belongs to them.” (Matt. 5:3) How do we show that we are conscious of that need? We do so by taking in spiritual food, cherishing spiritual values, and giving priority to worshipping the happy God. If we take those steps, our happiness will grow. We will strengthen our faith in the coming fulfillment of God’s promises. And we will be encouraged by “the happy hope” that God’s Word provides for true worshippers.​—Titus 2:13.

Building a strong relationship with Jehovah is a vital part of finding lasting happiness. The apostle Paul was inspired to write: “Always rejoice in the Lord [Jehovah]. Again I will say, Rejoice!” (Phil. 4:4) To enjoy such a precious relationship, we need to acquire divine wisdom. God’s Word states: “Happy is the man who finds wisdom and the man who acquires discernment. It is a tree of life to those who take hold of it, and those who keep firm hold of it will be called happy.”​—Prov. 3:13, 18.

6. Our lasting happiness depends on what?

However, to be lastingly happy, it is vital that we not only read God’s Word but apply it. Confirming the importance of putting into practice what we learn, Jesus said: “If you know these things, happy you are if you do them.” (John 13:17read James 1:25.) This is the key to satisfying your spiritual need and being lastingly happy.

7. How can those who mourn be happy?

“Happy are those who mourn, since they will be comforted.” (Matt. 5:4) Some may wonder, ‘How is it possible for those who mourn to be happy?’ Jesus did not have in mind all who mourn for any sort of reason. Even wicked people bemoan the distressing difficulties that characterize these “critical times hard to deal with.” (2 Tim. 3:1) But their self-centered mourning does not draw them closer to Jehovah; hence, it does not lead them toward happiness. Jesus must have had in mind people who are conscious of their spiritual need and therefore mourn the appalling spiritual conditions that prevail. They may recognize their own sinful state and the heartbreaking circumstances that have resulted from human sinfulness. Jehovah takes note of such sincere mourners; he comforts and blesses them with spiritual consolation, happiness, and life.​—Read Ezekiel 5:11; 9:4.

8. Explain how being mild-tempered contributes to happiness.

Happy are the mild-tempered, since they will inherit the earth.” (Matt. 5:5) How can being mild-tempered contribute to happiness? After coming to an accurate knowledge of the truth, individuals change. At one time, they may have been harsh, quarrelsome, and aggressive. But now they have clothed themselves with “the new personality” and display “the tender affections of compassion, kindness, humility, mildness, and patience.” (Col. 3:9-12) As a result, they now enjoy a peaceful, loving, and happier life. Furthermore, God’s Word promises that such ones will “inherit the earth.”​—Ps. 37:8-10, 29.

9. (a) In what sense do the mild-tempered “inherit the earth”? (b) Why can “those hungering and thirsting for righteousness” be happy?

In what sense do the mild-tempered “inherit the earth”? Jesus’ spirit-anointed disciples inherit the earth when they rule over it as kings and priests. (Rev. 20:6) Millions of others who do not have the heavenly calling, however, will inherit the earth in the sense that they will be allowed to live here forever in perfection, peace, and happiness. These are the same ones who are happy because of “hungering and thirsting for righteousness.” (Matt. 5:6) Their spiritual hunger and thirst for righteousness will be fully satisfied in the new world. (2 Pet. 3:13) When God has finally eliminated all wickedness, the happiness of righteous ones will never again be undermined by lawlessness and unrighteousness.​—Ps. 37:17.

20. Why are we happy to serve “the happy God”?

20 When we have the smile of approval of “the happy God,” we can be happydespite religious persecution, opposition at home, sickness, or advanced age. (1 Tim. 1:11) We also experience happiness because of the precious promises of our God, “who cannot lie.” (Titus 1:2) The fulfillment of Jehovah’s promises will be so impressive that the difficulties and trials of the present time will pale into insignificance. In the coming Paradise, the blessings from Jehovah will surpass our imagination. And we will certainly experience unprecedented happiness. Yes, we “will find exquisite delight in the abundance of peace.”​—Ps. 37:11. [Happy are Those Who Serve the Happy God W 9/2018 p.19]

When sculpting life/work of art…”harmony” …”is the principle of design that creates unity by stressing similarities of separate but related parts.” [Unit 6, Lesson 4, Art Connections, Harmony p. 178]

Harmony (is vital to) helps happiness.

IF a person does believe/accept/have a relationship with God, themselves or family/Other Fragile-life aka people…all individual choices make either: direct/indirect/intentional/unintentional impact on “harmony” with said relationships…God made the game and the rules…HE created Harmony; and (the game of) life. I follow (aka try my best to adhere) His principles found in the Bible…for the best possible outcomes in all situations (now and later).

 

Human thinking is flawed/weak. Divine thinking…

The law of Jehovah is perfect, restoring strength.*(Or “restoring (bringing back) the soul.”)

The reminder of Jehovah is trustworthy, making the inexperienced one wise. (Psalm 19:7)

 

7/13/18 @ 9:49 p.m.

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NO! Nabonidus

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No, You don’t know it all neither do i…small i (IF YOU🙂 have noticed or not from my previous writings)…little “i” don’t deliberately follow punctuation/capitalization rules (at times to make a).

A limitation of the written word vs. spoken word…modulation, intonation, motive, intent, etc…gestures, facial, emphatic or descriptive…so, how do I…(“i” make attempts of expressing humility/aka acknowledging my personal limitations) convey e~n~t~h~u~s~i~a~s~m or emotion or EMPHASIS e-f-f-e-c-t-i-v-e-l-y through w.r.i.t.i.n.g?!

🙂 🙁 ;)!!!!!!!!!???????

hey i TRY my creative best…as a learner.

“The human adventure on the face of this planet has been an almost uninterrupted series of crises and disruptions of society’s established order.” ~William H. McNeill

And this “adventure” continues much the same… “It does not belong to man who is walking even to direct his step.” (Jeremiah 10:23)

“I have seen something further under the sun, that the swift do not always win the race, nor do the mighty win the battle, nor do the wise always have the food, nor do the intelligent always have the riches, nor do those with knowledge always have success, because time and unexpected events*(“Unforeseen Occurrence”) overtake them all. 12 For man does not know his time. Just as fish are caught in an evil net and birds are caught in a trap, so the sons of men are ensnared in a time of disaster,*(or calamity)when it suddenly overtakes them.” (Ecclesiastes 9:11, 12)

Some reasonable reasons why i find myself somewhat skeptical of SOME classical or modern historians aka so-called expert accountants/researchers…record keepers…number crunchers. Hey, IF corrupt people from certain corrupt governmental or other organizations/agencies wanna keep their job/survive/look good/IMPRESS/make much money ?…of course, some may corruptly choose to INFLATE numbers/stats in their positive favor to form/construct cathedral….“size and sumptuousness [of cathedrals] revealed a number of quite profane motivations.” Among them was “the arrogant pride of the bishop or abbot under whose patronage the edifice was to be built.” ~The Horizon Book of Great Cathedrals 

ANCIENT historians, like those today, committed to writing only such information as they deemed important or necessary for their purpose. Often the accounts were colored by the prejudices and personal views of the historiansNot infrequently did they resort to outright falsehoods to glorify their particular nation.

an Exodus Example: my highlights

Authenticity of the Exodus Account. An objection against the Exodus account has been that the Pharaohs of Egypt did not make any record of the Exodus. However, this is not unusual, for kings of more modern times have recorded only their victories and not their defeats and have often tried to erase anything historical that is contrary to their personal or nationalistic image or to the ideology they are trying to inculcate in their people. Even in recent times rulers have tried to obliterate the works and reputations of their predecessors. Anything regarded as embarrassing or distasteful was left out of Egyptian inscriptions or effaced as soon as possible. An example is the chiseling away by her successor, Thutmose III, of the name and representation of Queen Hatshepsut on a stone monumental record uncovered at Deir al-Bahri in Egypt.​—See Archaeology and Bible History, by J. P. Free, 1964, p. 98 and photograph opposite p. 94. [excerpted: Exodus Insight Vol. 1]

Attempts at persuasively pushing my buttons??;)…my practical perspective of Man’s Progress…while, at times, manifests as positive-helpful technology, etc. are i.e., like push-button umbrellas;)…useful here in SUPER SUNNY & TORRENTIAL RAINY Florida…however, these do NOT SHIELD ME FROM HURRICANE SEASON!!!…nor do they take this dangerous season away. .

am not trying to be a killjoy…just realistic: Neither will man’s (limited) positive progress take away sin & death…our inheritance from Adam & Eve, our first parents. (We still NEED God!) Nor will man’s inconsistent progress thwart God’s timely trajectory. From my POV, the only permanence which has contributed to humans joyful experiences aka benefitted by throughout centuries is NOT man-made…sun, moon, grass, flower, tree, day, light, apple, night…EARTH…undeniable evidence of a loving-thoughtful-logical Creator/Brilliant Mind/Designer/Sustainer…including Air, gravity, love…speak  indirectly or directly of the HIGHEST competency deserving Awe & Praise!:)…(humans seem to want their credit when credit is due.)  How about God??

Nabonidus…

The Nabonidus ChronicleIn the latter half of the 19th century, excavations near Baghdad produced many finds of clay tablets and cylinders that threw much light on the history of ancient Babylon. One of these was the very valuable document known as the Nabonidus Chronicle, which is now in the British Museum. King Nabonidusof Babylon was the father of his coregent, Belshazzar. He outlived his son, who was killed on the night that troops of Cyrus the Persian took Babylon, October 5, 539 B.C.E. (Dan. 5:30, 31) The Nabonidus Chronicle, a remarkably well-dated record of the fall of Babylon, helps to establish on what day this event occurred. Following is a translation of a small part of the Nabonidus Chronicle: “In the month of Tashritu [Tishri (September-October)], when Cyrus attacked the army of Akkad in Opis on the Tigris . . . the 14th day, Sippar was seized without battle. Nabonidus fled. The 16th day [October 11, 539 B.C.E., Julian, or October 5, Gregorian] Gobryas (Ugbaru), the governor of Gutium and the army of Cyrus entered Babylon without battle. Afterwards Nabonidus was arrested in Babylon when he returned (there). . . . In the month of Arahshamnu [Marchesvan (October-November)], the 3rd day [October 28, Julian], Cyrus entered Babylon, green twigs were spread in front of him​—the state of ‘Peace’ (sulmu) was imposed upon the city. Cyrus sent greetings to all Babylon. Gobryas, his governor, installed (sub-)governors in Babylon.”*Ancient Near Eastern Texts, page 306. [excerpted Study Number 9—Archaeology and the Inspired Record “All Scripture”]

[…], the Nabonidus Chronicle, a statement is found with regard to Nabonidus’ seventh, ninth, tenth, and eleventh regnal years. It reads: “The king (was) in Tema (while) the prince, the officers, and his army (were) in Akkad [Babylonia].” (Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles, by A. K. Grayson, 1975, p. 108) Apparently Nabonidus spent much of his reign away from Babylon, and while not relinquishing his position as supreme ruler, he entrusted administrative authority to his son Belshazzar to act during his absence. This is evident from a number of texts recovered from the ancient archives proving that Belshazzar exercised royal prerogatives, that he issued orders and commands. Matters handled by Belshazzar in certain documents and orders were those that would normally have been handled by Nabonidus, as supreme ruler, had he been present. However, Belshazzar remained only second ruler of the empire, and thus he could offer to make Daniel only “the third one in the kingdom.”​—Da 5:16. [Belshazzar, Insight Vol. 1]

Testimony of Chronicle…

THE fall of strongly fortified Babylon came with a suddenness that must have surprised the ancient world. The conqueror, Cyrus the Great, diverted the waters of the Euphrates River that coursed through the city. Then his forces marched through the riverbed, taking the city by surprise through the unlocked gates along the quay. In one night Babylon fell, ending centuries of Semitic supremacy and fulfilling Jehovah’s word spoken through his prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah.​—Isa. 44:27;45:1, 2; Jer. 50:38; 51:30-32.

The Nabonidus Chronicle (also known as the “Cyrus-Nabonidus Chronicle” and “The Annalistic Tablet of Cyrus”), though very brief, contains the most complete extant cuneiform record concerning the fall of Babylon. This fragmentary clay tablet measures approximately five and a half inches in breadth at its widest point and about the same in length. On the basis of the script style, scholars have concluded that the tablet may date from some time in the Seleucid period (312-65 B.C.E.). But historians claim the inscription is probably a copy of an earlier document. As it tends to glorify Cyrus while presenting Nabonidus in a disparaging way, the thought has been advanced that the inscription was the work of a Persian scribe and has even been referred to as “Persian propaganda.” Nonetheless, the “circumstantial data” is considered to be reliable. [Testimony of the Nabonidus Chronicle w 71 excerpts]

Babylon & Babylon the Great…lessons for learning humility:  such a deep topic…that i only have “surface” time to briefly address…Basically, The Creator–TRUE God of Bible, God of Love & Compassion, Power, Wisdom, and Real Justice/Slow to Anger…doesn’t care much for pride and arrogance among puny/stupid humans which causes many millions to suffer needlessly!:( The rise and fall of specific world powers have been prophesied accurately in the Bible. Clear warnings made by pleading prophets…”please change for the better because your unkind deeds will come back to you.” “Your hurtful ways are ungodly ways.” “Plus, the God of love whom you claim to worship and honor, you are, in fact, dishonoring by your hurtful/ungodly/murderous practices.”  There are numerous distinctions made in the Bible between Godly Ones and Ungodly Ones. (It usually turns out well/better for the Godly Ones…and long-term.)

Here goes some readings for You IF You:) so choose…

The judgment pronounced against the Babylonian dynasty provides a valuable lesson for us. The root of the Babylonian kings’ sin was their endless ambition. (Daniel 5:23) Their hearts were filled with a desire for power. They wanted to dominate others. (Isaiah 47:5, 6) And they lusted after glory from men, which rightly belongs to God. (Revelation 4:11) This is a warning to any in authority​—[…]

Ambition and selfish pride are characteristics that Jehovah will not tolerate, either in individuals or in nations.

29. The pride and ambition of the Babylonian rulers was a reflection of what?

29 The pride of the Babylonian rulers was a reflection of the spirit of “the god of this system of things,” Satan the Devil. (2 Corinthians 4:4) He too lusts for power and longs to place himself above Jehovah God. As was the case with the king of Babylon and the people he subjugated, Satan’s unholy ambition has resulted in misery and suffering for all mankind.

30. What other Babylon is mentioned in the Bible, and what spirit has she shown?

30 Moreover, in the book of Revelation, we read of another Babylon​—“Babylon the Great.” (Revelation 18:2) This organization, the world empire of false religion, has also shown a prideful, oppressive, and cruel spirit. As a result, she too has to face a “day of Jehovah” and be destroyed in God’s due time. (Isaiah 13:6) Since 1919 the message has sounded around the earth: “Babylon the Great has fallen!” (Revelation 14:8) When she was unable to hold God’s people in captivity, she experienced a fall. Soon she will be completely destroyed. Of ancient Babylon, Jehovah commanded: “Pay back to her according to her activity. According to all that she has done, do to her. For it is against Jehovah that she has acted presumptuously, against the Holy One of Israel.” (Jeremiah 50:29; James 2:13Babylon the Great will receive a similar judgment.

31. What will soon happen to Babylon the Great?

31 Hence, Jehovah’s final statement of this prophecy in the book of Isaiah applies not only to ancient Babylon but also to Babylon the Great: “I will rise up against them . . . And I will cut off from Babylon name and remnant and progeny and posterity . . . And I will make her a possession of porcupines and reedy pools of water, and I will sweep her with the broom of annihilation.” (Isaiah 14:22, 23The desolated ruins of ancient Babylon show what Jehovah will soon do to Babylon the Great. What a comfort for lovers of true worship! What an encouragement to strive never to allow the satanic characteristics of pride, arrogance, or cruelty to develop in us! [excerpted Jehovah Humbles an Arrogant City, Isaiah’s Prophecy I]

Questions for Reflections: “circumstantial” data can be useful…

(1) am i arrogant?

(2) am i cruel?

(3) am i full of pride?

meticulous historical (accurate not arrogant, classical & modern) accounting teaches…an emerging pattern:  pride, cruelty, and arrogance, ambition (among individuals and/or nations) does not end well!!…these negative traits are not survivable.  Humans exhibiting these END; sometimes swiftly…getting swept away…swept along into annihilation… (suddenly).

BROOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOM—house cleaning an essential to sustaining life; eventually God gets around to it (as the Bible states). Babylon the Great’s Destiny is Destruction!

just making sure, i don’t let/am not letting these/any negative traits grow in (take over and destroy) me personally or anyone i love.

(Feeding the Good helps, huh?:))

Your destiny, Your choice!

GET OUT OF BABYLON THE GREAT…and SURVIVE!!:)

Peace Survivor:)
7/22/18 @ 5:06 p.m.

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IP

attitude book insights Joan Winifred spiritual food study things i learned trust Truth wisdom

I.nferior P.osition (P.seudepigrapha)

IP …function/functioning explanation to follow:)…(aka a/an individual life’s protocol and destination)…this post will be an attempt to address address -lol:)…meaning our IP…(I.ndividual P. rotocol)

(my read highlights)

An IP address serves two principal functions. It identifies the host, or more specifically its network interface, and it provides the location of the host in the network, and thus the capability of establishing a path to that host. Its role has been characterized as follows: “A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A route indicates how to get there.”[2] – excerpted Wikipedia

TCP/IP, in full Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, standard internet communications protocols that allow digital computers to communicate over long distances. The Internet is a packet-switched network, in which information is broken down into small packets, sent individually over many different routes at the same time, and then reassembled at the receiving end. TCP is the component that collects and reassembles the packets of data, while IP is responsible for making sure the packets are sent to the right destination. TCP/IP was developed in the 1970s and adopted as the protocol standard for ARPANET (the predecessor to the Internet) in 1983. -[excerpted: Encyclopedia Brittanicia TCP/IP]

Questions for Reflections:)

(1) am i a seeker?

(2) what am i seeking?

(3) what route is gonna get/take me there?

 

(2) i am a TRUTH/GOLD seeker.

(2) i am seeking ACCURACY/AUTHENTICITY.

 

(3) study/research:  please check out these excerpts: ((which will shed some light on stuff) Life is full of stuff…i’m not a new kid on the Biblical block…”You got the right stuff, baby”…yeah, we can all be singing a much deeper/happier tune in life IF our choices are based on accuracy/the really right stuff:))  [Apocrypha, Insight, Volume 1, pp. 120-125.]

The Greek word a·poʹkry·phos is used in its original sense in three Bible texts as referring to things  he“carefully concealed.” (Mr 4:22; Lu 8:17; Col 2:3) As applied to writings, it originally referred to those not read publicly, hence “concealed” from others. Later, however, the word took on the meaning of spurious or uncanonical, and today is used most commonly to refer to the additional writings declared part of the Bible canon by the Roman Catholic Church at the Council of Trent (1546). Catholic writers refer to these books as deuterocanonical, meaning “of the second (or later) canon,” as distinguished from protocanonical.

Evidence Against Canonicity. While in some cases they have certain historical value, any claim for canonicity on the part of these writings is without any solid foundation. The evidence points to a closing of the Hebrew canon following the writing of the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Malachi in the fifth century B.C.E. The Apocryphal writings were never included in the Jewish canon of inspired Scriptures and do not form part of it today.

The first-century Jewish historian Josephus shows the recognition given only to those few books (of the Hebrew canon) viewed as sacred, stating: We do not possess myriads of inconsistent books, conflicting with each other. Our books, those which are justly accredited, are but two and twenty [the equivalent of the 39 books of the Hebrew Scriptures according to modern division], and contain the record of all time.” He thereafter clearly shows an awareness of the existence of Apocryphal books and their exclusion from the Hebrew canon by adding: “From Artaxerxes to our own time the complete history has been written, but has not been deemed worthy of equal credit with the earlier records, because of the failure of the exact succession of the prophets.”​—Against Apion, I, 38, 41 (8).

Additional ancient testimony. One of the chief external evidences against the canonicity of the Apocrypha is the fact that none of the Christian Bible writers quoted from these books. While this of itself is not conclusive, inasmuch as their writings are also lacking in quotations from a few books recognized as canonical, such as Esther, Ecclesiastes, and The Song of Solomon, yet the fact that not one of the writings of the Apocrypha is quoted even once is certainly significant.

Not without weight also is the fact that leading Bible scholars and “church fathers” of the first centuries of the Common Era, on the whole, gave the Apocrypha an inferior position. Origen, of the early third century C.E., as a result of careful investigation made such a distinction between these writings and those of the true canon. Athanasius, Cyril of Jerusalem, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Amphilocius, all of the fourth century C.E., prepared catalogs listing the sacred writings in accord with the Hebrew canon and either ignored these additional writings or placed them in a secondary class.

Jerome, who is described as “the best Hebrew scholar” of the early church and who completed the Latin Vulgate in 405 C.E., took a definite stand against such Apocryphal books and was the first, in fact, to use the word “Apocrypha” explicitly in the sense of noncanonical as referring to these writings. Thus, in his prologue to the books of Samuel and Kings, Jerome lists the inspired books of the Hebrew Scriptures in harmony with the Hebrew canon (in which the 39 books are grouped as 22) and then says: “Thus there are twenty-two books . . . This prologue of the Scriptures can serve as a fortified approach to all the books which we translate from the Hebrew into Latin; so that we may know that whatever is beyond these must be put in the apocrypha.” In writing to a lady named Laeta on the education of her daughter, Jerome counseled: “Let her avoid all the apocryphal books, and if she ever wishes to read them, not for the truth of their doctrines but out of respect for their wondrous tales, let her realize that they are not really written by those to whom they are ascribed, that there are many faulty elements in them, and that it requires great skill to look for gold in mud.​—Select Letters, CVII.

Hey, wondrous tales have an appeal; (that’s for sure?)!  Yet, they have their place…position of pryrite. IF i am a gold seeker, i need to detect fool’s gold, eh?! (shiny but shoddy, an appearance of gold–but NOT gold. an appearance of reality–yet an unreality. a facade of tranquility–NO, not real peace.)

Internal evidence. The internal evidence of these Apocryphal writings weighs even more heavily against their canonicity than does the external. They are completely lacking in the prophetic element. Their contents and teachings at times contradict those of the canonical books and are also contradictory within themselves. They are rife with historical and geographic inaccuracies and anachronisms. The writers in some cases are guilty of dishonesty in falsely representing their works as those of earlier inspired writers. They show themselves to be under pagan Greek influence, and at times resort to an extravagance of language and literary style wholly foreign to the inspired Scriptures. Two of the writers imply that they were not inspired. (See the Prologue to Ecclesiasticus; 2 Maccabees 2:24-32; 15:38-40, Dy.) Thus, it may be said that the best evidence against the canonicity of the Apocrypha is the Apocrypha itself.

It is to be acknowledged that some of us (myself included) value “quality” and perhaps, prioritize over quantity.  (facts over fictions) on some level, a lot of us enJOY works of fiction for “entertainment”…

However, basing my life’s protocol on “Apocrypha*” brings me to an “inferior position”…aka a place of potentially unnecessary suffering/misery…lies, delusion, dark/light fantasy, untimely death.

When i base my life’s protocol on Truth/accuracy (e.g., Biblical)–(i am not in the red/apocrypha.) i am in the TRUTH–best position to make the best choice!!  Eyes clearly focused ahead:  i am on route to and brought to a place of:  health (i.e., spiritual, mental, physical, emotional), sustaining safety, peace, plenty of room/space for the immediate and long-term exercise of my free will (judiciously), a replenishing well of wisdom, a true freedom, and an everlasting life…future.

{(Just an observation…about Jesus…he led a simple life, he used simple words (as well as simple ceremony: washed feet, broke bread, passed cup)…unlike the “extravagance” of the religious leaders of his day nor the main-stream churches/religions and ceremonies of modern-day.)}

{(When i look around, observe natural world/Earth …i see/sense a “simple” yet profound/majesty, beauty…a practical design/purpose…the complex comes off/streamlines as simple (i.e. cell)…harmonized, organized and orderly…sublime but not showy…(not audacious nor opulent).)}

{(So, for me personally, as far back as i can recall…beginning with my Parents’ value of “Truth” which was inculcated in me from toddlerhood…it’s been a priority in my life: trajectory—knowing the Truth and living the Truth! The source i completely trust is Biblical Truth (which is separate and distinct from various religious tradition/doctrine/dogma).)}

*Both the Apocrypha (literally, “hidden”) and the Pseudepigrapha (literally, “falsely attributed writings”) are Jewish writings from the third century B.C.E. through the first century C.E. The Apocrypha are accepted by the Roman Catholic Church as part of the inspired Bible canon, but these books are rejected by Jews and Protestants. The Pseudepigrapha are often in the form of expansions on Biblical stories, written in the name of some famous Bible character.

What Are the Dead Sea Scrolls?

The Dead Sea Scrolls are ancient Jewish manuscripts, most of them written in Hebrew, some in Aramaic, and a few in Greek. Many of these scrolls and fragments are over 2,000 years old, dating to before the birth of Jesus. Among the first scrolls obtained from the Bedouins were seven lengthy manuscripts in various stages of deterioration. As more caves were searched, other scrolls and thousands of scroll fragments were found. Between the years of 1947 and 1956, a total of 11 caves containing scrolls were discovered near Qumran, by the Dead Sea.

When all the scrolls and fragments are sorted out, they account for about 800 manuscripts. About one quarter, or just over 200 manuscripts, are copies of portions of the Hebrew Bible text. Additional manuscripts represent ancient non-Biblical Jewish writings, both Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.*

[1 footnote to article: What is the Truth about the Dead Sea Scrolls? w 01 and excerpt]

Peace!:) Seeker(s) of Truth…know Your location, know Your trajectory!…Know Your address, know Your destination! Know the TRUTH!!:)

More readings for You:) IF You so choose to check out…now or ..

Later Apocryphal Works. Particularly from the second century C.E. forward there has developed an immense body of writings making claim to divine inspiration and canonicity and pretending to relate to the Christian faith. Frequently referred to as the “Apocryphal New Testament,” these writings represent efforts at imitating the Gospels, Acts, letters, and the revelations contained in the canonical books of the Christian Greek Scriptures. A large number of these are known only through fragments extant or by quotations from them or allusions to them by other writers.

These writings manifest an attempt to provide information that the inspired writings deliberately omit, such as the activities and events relating to Jesus’ life from his early childhood on up to the time of his baptism, or an effort to manufacture support for doctrines or traditions that find no basis in the Bible or are in contradiction to it. Thus the so-called Infancy Gospel of Thomas and the Protevangelium of James are filled with fanciful accounts of miracles supposedly wrought by Jesus in his childhood. But the whole effect of the picture they draw of him is to cause Jesus to appear as a capricious and petulant child endowed with impressive powers. (Compare the genuine account at Lu 2:51, 52.) The Apocryphal “Acts,” such as the “Acts of Paul” and the “Acts of Peter,” lay heavy stress on complete abstinence from sexual relations and even depict the apostles as urging women to separate from their husbands, thus contradicting Paul’s authentic counsel at 1 Corinthians 7.

Commenting on such postapostolic Apocryphal writings, The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible (Vol. 1, p. 166) states: “Many of them are trivial, some are highly theatrical, some are disgusting, even loathsome.” (Edited by G. A. Buttrick, 1962) Funk and Wagnalls New Standard Bible Dictionary (1936, p. 56) comments: “They have been the fruitful source of sacred legends and ecclesiastical traditions. It is to these books that we must look for the origin of some of the dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church.” [excerpted:  Apocrypha, Insight, Volume 1, pp. 120-125.]

“Canon”…Can on…is that like fish on;)…Yes, i can…:) know the Truth & Live it!

Originally the reed (Heb., qa·nehʹ) served as a rule or measuring device. (Eze 40:3-8;41:8; 42:16-19) The apostle Paul applied ka·nonʹ to the “territory” measured out as his assignment, and again to the “rule of conduct” by which Christians were to measure how they acted. (2Co 10:13-16; Ga 6:16) The “Bible canon” came to denote the catalog of inspired books worthy of being used as a straightedge in measuring faith, doctrine, and conduct. [excerpted Insight, Canon, Vol. 1]

6/14/18 @ 2:41 p.m.

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