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Joan Winifred

Mind Gym & Fav Books

9/16/18 @ mind gym

(afternoon)

BTW: am two finger texting this post from my phone;) so please excuse any typos…lol

A fav book of mine: Mankind’s Search For God…excerpt Chapter 10: “Was Jesus the Way to God?” Par.11, “When we analyze Jesus’ message and the methods he used, we see a distinct difference between his style and that of many of Christendom’s preachers. He did not manipulate the masses with cheap emotionalism or with hellfire tactics. Rather, Jesus used simple logic and parables, or illustrations, from everyday life to appeal to the heart and mind. His famous Sermon on the Mount is an outstanding example of teaching and methods. Included in that sermon is Jesus’ model prayer, in which he gives a clear indication of Christians priorities by putting the sanctifying of God’s name in the first place. Matthew 5:1–7:29; 13:3-53; Luke 6:17-49

[Box/​Picture on page 258, 259]

Jesus and the Name of God

When teaching his disciples how to pray, Jesus said: “You must pray, then, this way: ‘Our Father in the heavens, let your name be sanctified. Let your kingdom come. Let your will take place, as in heaven, also upon earth.’”​—Matthew 6:9, 10.

Jesus knew the vital significance of his Father’s name and gave emphasis to it. Thus, to his religious enemies, he said: “I have come in the name of my Father, but you do not receive me; if someone else arrived in his own name, you would receive that one. . . . I told you, and yet you do not believe. The works that I am doing in the name of my Father, these bear witness about me.”​—John 5:43; 10:25; Mark 12:29, 30.

In prayer to his Father, Jesus said: “‘Father, glorify your name.’ Therefore a voice came out of heaven: ‘I both glorified it and will glorify it again.’”

On a later occasion, Jesus prayed: “I have made your name manifest to the men you gave me out of the world. They were yours, and you gave them to me, and they have observed your word. And I have made your name known to them and will make it known, in order that the love with which you loved me may be in them and I in union with them.”​—John 12:28; 17:6, 26.

As a Jew, Jesus had to be conversant with his Father’s name, Jehovah, or Yahweh, for he knew the scripture that says: “‘You are my witnesses,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, ‘even my servant whom I have chosen, in order that you may know and have faith in me, and that you may understand that I am the same One. Before me there was no God formed, and after me there continued to be none. . . . So you are my witnesses,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, ‘and I am God.’”​—Isaiah 43:10, 12.

Therefore, the Jews as a nation were chosen to be Jehovah’s witnesses. As a Jew, Jesus was also a witness of Jehovah.​—Revelation 3:14.

Apparently by the first century, most Jews were no longer pronouncing God’s revealed name. However, there are manuscripts that prove that early Christians using the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures could have seen the Hebrew Tetragrammaton used in the Greek text. As George Howard, a professor of religion and Hebrew stated: “When the Septuagint which the New Testament church used and quoted contained the Hebrew form of the divine name, the New Testament writers no doubt included the Tetragrammaton in their quotations. But when the Hebrew form for the divine name was [later] eliminated in favor of Greek substitutes in the Septuagint, it was eliminated also from the New Testament quotations of the Septuagint.”

Therefore, Professor Howard reasons that first-century Christians must have clearly understood texts such as Matthew 22:44, where Jesus quoted the Hebrew Scriptures to his enemies. Howard says, “The first century church probably read, ‘YHWH said to my Lord’” instead of the later version, “‘The Lord said to my Lord,’ . . . which is as ambiguous as it is imprecise.”​—Psalm 110:1.

That Jesus used the divine name is attested to by the Jewish accusation centuries after his death that if he performed miracles, it was “only because he had made himself master of the ‘secret’ name of God.”​—The Book of Jewish Knowledge.

Jesus certainly knew God’s unique name. In spite of Jewish tradition at that time, Jesus would surely have used the name. He did not allow the traditions of men to overrule the law of God.​Mark 7:9-13; John 1:1-3, 18; Colossians 1:15, 16.

[Picture]

Papyrus fragment (first century B.C.E.) showing the Hebrew name of God in the Greek Septuagint text

[Pictures on page 238]

Jesus used many illustrations in his teaching​—sowing seed, harvesting, fishing, finding a pearl, mixed flocks, and a vineyard, among others (Matthew 13:3-47; 25:32)

(Okay, my self-sacrificing sharing has ended;)…cannot type out another paragraph, gonna see If can copy and paste the rest;))

Yay! am now working from computer…check it out please:)…am going back to previous paragraph to add my highlight…(and missing scripture references and box info on Jews & Yahweh).

12 In his dealings with his followers and with the public in general, Jesus manifested love and compassion. (Mark 6:30-34) While preaching the message of God’s Kingdom, he also personally practiced love and humility. Thus, in the final hours of his life, he could say to his disciples: “I am giving you a new commandment, that you love one another; just as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all will know that you are my disciples, if you have love among yourselves.” (John 13:34, 35) Therefore, the essence of Christianity in practice is self-sacrificing love based on principle. (Matthew 22:37-40In practice this means that a Christian should love even his enemies, although he may hate their evil works. (Luke 6:27-31) Think about that for a moment. What a different world this would be if everyone actually practiced that form of love!​—Romans 12:17-21; 13:8-10.

13. In what way was Jesus’ teaching different from that of Confucius, Lao-tzu, and the Buddha?

13 Yet, what Jesus taught was far more than an ethic or philosophy, such as those taught by Confucius and Lao-tzu. Furthermore, Jesus did not teach, as did the Buddha, that one can work out one’s own salvation by the pathway of knowledge and enlightenment. Rather, he pointed to God as the source of salvation when he said: “For God loved the world so much that he gave his only-begotten Son, in order that everyone exercising faith in him might not be destroyed but have everlasting life. For God sent forth his Son into the world, not for him to judge the world, but for the world to be saved through him.”​—John 3:16, 17.

to be continued??…perhaps/depends..

oh ya, before ending this post…another tidbit for consumption IF You:) so choose:

Regarding political and military controversies of their day, Jesus’ disciples maintained strict neutrality. In the year 66 C.E. the Jews of the Roman province of Judea revolted against Caesar. The Roman army quickly surrounded Jerusalem. What did Christians in the city do? They remembered Jesus’ counsel to stay neutral and to get out from between the warring armies. When the Roman army temporarily withdrew, the Christians seized the opportunity and fled across the Jordan River into the mountainous region of Pella. (Luke 21:20-24) In their neutrality they served as a faithful pattern for later Christians. [excerpted reading: They are No Part of the World–United in Worship of the Only True God chapter 21, p. 165]

9/25/18 @ 11:02 p.m.

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conscientious-ness insights Joan Winifred Truth

Judaism, Christendom, and Islam

Do i believe in the doctrine of the immortality of the soul?

All three: Judaism, Christendom, and Islam teach it.

Ideas & TRUTH…the same thing?!😉

excerpted reading:  The idea enters

22 The idea of the immortality of the soul in Judaism and Christendom appeared because of Platonic influence, but the concept was built into Islam from its beginning. This is not to say that Arab scholars have not tried to synthesize Islamic teachings and Greek philosophy. The Arab world, in fact, was greatly influenced by Aristotle’s work. And noted Arab scholars, such as Avicenna and Averroës, expounded and built on Aristotelian thinking. In their attempts to harmonize Greek thought with the Muslim teaching about the soul, however, they came up with differing theories. For example, Avicenna declared that the personal soul is immortal. Averroës, on the other hand, argued against that view. Regardless of these viewpoints, the immortality of the soul remains the belief of Muslims. (my re(a)d highlights)

Q: uestion(s) for reflection(s)…

what ideas are entering my mind?

am i accurately distinguishing between “ideas” “speculations “theories” and TRUTH?!

Happy TRUTH Finding For You Reader:)

 

6/15/18 @ 6:05 p.m.

 

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Joan Winifred logic love

under 5 and over 5

So, humans can keep younger humans alive till 5…”actual” longevity progress?! perhaps?!…(Yeah, all life is VERY precious!!—goes without saying, eh?:)…No, i am Not quick to give a “congratulatory” high FIVE…cause how “really” effective or far-reaching are our keeping-humans-alive-skills?!…when SUICIDE among Youth 15-19 has INCREASED!!!:(

(Us humans…do we tend to be short-sighted?)

Divine/Godly/Biblical Wisdom…not to be easily dismissed (by so-called (imperfect) human (limited) progress)…

 Train a boy*(or “child” “youth”) in the way he should go; Even when he grows old he will not depart from it. (Proverb 22:6)

 

 

suicide prevention pertinent

6/28/18 @ 3:55 p.m.

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attitude book insights Joan Winifred spiritual food study things i learned trust Truth wisdom

IP

I.nferior P.osition (P.seudepigrapha)

IP …function/functioning explanation to follow:)…(aka a/an individual life’s protocol and destination)…this post will be an attempt to address address -lol:)…meaning our IP…(I.ndividual P. rotocol)

(my read highlights)

An IP address serves two principal functions. It identifies the host, or more specifically its network interface, and it provides the location of the host in the network, and thus the capability of establishing a path to that host. Its role has been characterized as follows: “A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A route indicates how to get there.”[2] – excerpted Wikipedia

TCP/IP, in full Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, standard internet communications protocols that allow digital computers to communicate over long distances. The Internet is a packet-switched network, in which information is broken down into small packets, sent individually over many different routes at the same time, and then reassembled at the receiving end. TCP is the component that collects and reassembles the packets of data, while IP is responsible for making sure the packets are sent to the right destination. TCP/IP was developed in the 1970s and adopted as the protocol standard for ARPANET (the predecessor to the Internet) in 1983. -[excerpted: Encyclopedia Brittanicia TCP/IP]

Questions for Reflections:)

(1) am i a seeker?

(2) what am i seeking?

(3) what route is gonna get/take me there?

 

(2) i am a TRUTH/GOLD seeker.

(2) i am seeking ACCURACY/AUTHENTICITY.

 

(3) study/research:  please check out these excerpts: ((which will shed some light on stuff) Life is full of stuff…i’m not a new kid on the Biblical block…”You got the right stuff, baby”…yeah, we can all be singing a much deeper/happier tune in life IF our choices are based on accuracy/the really right stuff:))  [Apocrypha, Insight, Volume 1, pp. 120-125.]

The Greek word a·poʹkry·phos is used in its original sense in three Bible texts as referring to things  he“carefully concealed.” (Mr 4:22; Lu 8:17; Col 2:3) As applied to writings, it originally referred to those not read publicly, hence “concealed” from others. Later, however, the word took on the meaning of spurious or uncanonical, and today is used most commonly to refer to the additional writings declared part of the Bible canon by the Roman Catholic Church at the Council of Trent (1546). Catholic writers refer to these books as deuterocanonical, meaning “of the second (or later) canon,” as distinguished from protocanonical.

Evidence Against Canonicity. While in some cases they have certain historical value, any claim for canonicity on the part of these writings is without any solid foundation. The evidence points to a closing of the Hebrew canon following the writing of the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Malachi in the fifth century B.C.E. The Apocryphal writings were never included in the Jewish canon of inspired Scriptures and do not form part of it today.

The first-century Jewish historian Josephus shows the recognition given only to those few books (of the Hebrew canon) viewed as sacred, stating: We do not possess myriads of inconsistent books, conflicting with each other. Our books, those which are justly accredited, are but two and twenty [the equivalent of the 39 books of the Hebrew Scriptures according to modern division], and contain the record of all time.” He thereafter clearly shows an awareness of the existence of Apocryphal books and their exclusion from the Hebrew canon by adding: “From Artaxerxes to our own time the complete history has been written, but has not been deemed worthy of equal credit with the earlier records, because of the failure of the exact succession of the prophets.”​—Against Apion, I, 38, 41 (8).

Additional ancient testimony. One of the chief external evidences against the canonicity of the Apocrypha is the fact that none of the Christian Bible writers quoted from these books. While this of itself is not conclusive, inasmuch as their writings are also lacking in quotations from a few books recognized as canonical, such as Esther, Ecclesiastes, and The Song of Solomon, yet the fact that not one of the writings of the Apocrypha is quoted even once is certainly significant.

Not without weight also is the fact that leading Bible scholars and “church fathers” of the first centuries of the Common Era, on the whole, gave the Apocrypha an inferior position. Origen, of the early third century C.E., as a result of careful investigation made such a distinction between these writings and those of the true canon. Athanasius, Cyril of Jerusalem, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Amphilocius, all of the fourth century C.E., prepared catalogs listing the sacred writings in accord with the Hebrew canon and either ignored these additional writings or placed them in a secondary class.

Jerome, who is described as “the best Hebrew scholar” of the early church and who completed the Latin Vulgate in 405 C.E., took a definite stand against such Apocryphal books and was the first, in fact, to use the word “Apocrypha” explicitly in the sense of noncanonical as referring to these writings. Thus, in his prologue to the books of Samuel and Kings, Jerome lists the inspired books of the Hebrew Scriptures in harmony with the Hebrew canon (in which the 39 books are grouped as 22) and then says: “Thus there are twenty-two books . . . This prologue of the Scriptures can serve as a fortified approach to all the books which we translate from the Hebrew into Latin; so that we may know that whatever is beyond these must be put in the apocrypha.” In writing to a lady named Laeta on the education of her daughter, Jerome counseled: “Let her avoid all the apocryphal books, and if she ever wishes to read them, not for the truth of their doctrines but out of respect for their wondrous tales, let her realize that they are not really written by those to whom they are ascribed, that there are many faulty elements in them, and that it requires great skill to look for gold in mud.​—Select Letters, CVII.

Hey, wondrous tales have an appeal; (that’s for sure?)!  Yet, they have their place…position of pryrite. IF i am a gold seeker, i need to detect fool’s gold, eh?! (shiny but shoddy, an appearance of gold–but NOT gold. an appearance of reality–yet an unreality. a facade of tranquility–NO, not real peace.)

Internal evidence. The internal evidence of these Apocryphal writings weighs even more heavily against their canonicity than does the external. They are completely lacking in the prophetic element. Their contents and teachings at times contradict those of the canonical books and are also contradictory within themselves. They are rife with historical and geographic inaccuracies and anachronisms. The writers in some cases are guilty of dishonesty in falsely representing their works as those of earlier inspired writers. They show themselves to be under pagan Greek influence, and at times resort to an extravagance of language and literary style wholly foreign to the inspired Scriptures. Two of the writers imply that they were not inspired. (See the Prologue to Ecclesiasticus; 2 Maccabees 2:24-32; 15:38-40, Dy.) Thus, it may be said that the best evidence against the canonicity of the Apocrypha is the Apocrypha itself.

It is to be acknowledged that some of us (myself included) value “quality” and perhaps, prioritize over quantity.  (facts over fictions) on some level, a lot of us enJOY works of fiction for “entertainment”…

However, basing my life’s protocol on “Apocrypha*” brings me to an “inferior position”…aka a place of potentially unnecessary suffering/misery…lies, delusion, dark/light fantasy, untimely death.

When i base my life’s protocol on Truth/accuracy (e.g., Biblical)–(i am not in the red/apocrypha.) i am in the TRUTH–best position to make the best choice!!  Eyes clearly focused ahead:  i am on route to and brought to a place of:  health (i.e., spiritual, mental, physical, emotional), sustaining safety, peace, plenty of room/space for the immediate and long-term exercise of my free will (judiciously), a replenishing well of wisdom, a true freedom, and an everlasting life…future.

{(Just an observation…about Jesus…he led a simple life, he used simple words (as well as simple ceremony: washed feet, broke bread, passed cup)…unlike the “extravagance” of the religious leaders of his day nor the main-stream churches/religions and ceremonies of modern-day.)}

{(When i look around, observe natural world/Earth …i see/sense a “simple” yet profound/majesty, beauty…a practical design/purpose…the complex comes off/streamlines as simple (i.e. cell)…harmonized, organized and orderly…sublime but not showy…(not audacious nor opulent).)}

{(So, for me personally, as far back as i can recall…beginning with my Parents’ value of “Truth” which was inculcated in me from toddlerhood…it’s been a priority in my life: trajectory—knowing the Truth and living the Truth! The source i completely trust is Biblical Truth (which is separate and distinct from various religious tradition/doctrine/dogma).)}

*Both the Apocrypha (literally, “hidden”) and the Pseudepigrapha (literally, “falsely attributed writings”) are Jewish writings from the third century B.C.E. through the first century C.E. The Apocrypha are accepted by the Roman Catholic Church as part of the inspired Bible canon, but these books are rejected by Jews and Protestants. The Pseudepigrapha are often in the form of expansions on Biblical stories, written in the name of some famous Bible character.

What Are the Dead Sea Scrolls?

The Dead Sea Scrolls are ancient Jewish manuscripts, most of them written in Hebrew, some in Aramaic, and a few in Greek. Many of these scrolls and fragments are over 2,000 years old, dating to before the birth of Jesus. Among the first scrolls obtained from the Bedouins were seven lengthy manuscripts in various stages of deterioration. As more caves were searched, other scrolls and thousands of scroll fragments were found. Between the years of 1947 and 1956, a total of 11 caves containing scrolls were discovered near Qumran, by the Dead Sea.

When all the scrolls and fragments are sorted out, they account for about 800 manuscripts. About one quarter, or just over 200 manuscripts, are copies of portions of the Hebrew Bible text. Additional manuscripts represent ancient non-Biblical Jewish writings, both Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.*

[1 footnote to article: What is the Truth about the Dead Sea Scrolls? w 01 and excerpt]

Peace!:) Seeker(s) of Truth…know Your location, know Your trajectory!…Know Your address, know Your destination! Know the TRUTH!!:)

More readings for You:) IF You so choose to check out…now or ..

Later Apocryphal Works. Particularly from the second century C.E. forward there has developed an immense body of writings making claim to divine inspiration and canonicity and pretending to relate to the Christian faith. Frequently referred to as the “Apocryphal New Testament,” these writings represent efforts at imitating the Gospels, Acts, letters, and the revelations contained in the canonical books of the Christian Greek Scriptures. A large number of these are known only through fragments extant or by quotations from them or allusions to them by other writers.

These writings manifest an attempt to provide information that the inspired writings deliberately omit, such as the activities and events relating to Jesus’ life from his early childhood on up to the time of his baptism, or an effort to manufacture support for doctrines or traditions that find no basis in the Bible or are in contradiction to it. Thus the so-called Infancy Gospel of Thomas and the Protevangelium of James are filled with fanciful accounts of miracles supposedly wrought by Jesus in his childhood. But the whole effect of the picture they draw of him is to cause Jesus to appear as a capricious and petulant child endowed with impressive powers. (Compare the genuine account at Lu 2:51, 52.) The Apocryphal “Acts,” such as the “Acts of Paul” and the “Acts of Peter,” lay heavy stress on complete abstinence from sexual relations and even depict the apostles as urging women to separate from their husbands, thus contradicting Paul’s authentic counsel at 1 Corinthians 7.

Commenting on such postapostolic Apocryphal writings, The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible (Vol. 1, p. 166) states: “Many of them are trivial, some are highly theatrical, some are disgusting, even loathsome.” (Edited by G. A. Buttrick, 1962) Funk and Wagnalls New Standard Bible Dictionary (1936, p. 56) comments: “They have been the fruitful source of sacred legends and ecclesiastical traditions. It is to these books that we must look for the origin of some of the dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church.” [excerpted:  Apocrypha, Insight, Volume 1, pp. 120-125.]

“Canon”…Can on…is that like fish on;)…Yes, i can…:) know the Truth & Live it!

Originally the reed (Heb., qa·nehʹ) served as a rule or measuring device. (Eze 40:3-8;41:8; 42:16-19) The apostle Paul applied ka·nonʹ to the “territory” measured out as his assignment, and again to the “rule of conduct” by which Christians were to measure how they acted. (2Co 10:13-16; Ga 6:16) The “Bible canon” came to denote the catalog of inspired books worthy of being used as a straightedge in measuring faith, doctrine, and conduct. [excerpted Insight, Canon, Vol. 1]

6/14/18 @ 2:41 p.m.

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